Ministry of Transport
Gedimino avenue 17
Tel. + 370 2 621 445
Fax + 370 2 224 335
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Transport has been recognized as a priority sector of the national economy. At present, more than 4.5% of the labour force is engaged in transport. In 1996, the share of transport in GNP was 8.8%. Lithuaniašs transport system includes all key transport sectors: sea, air, railway and road transport.
One of the main transport policy objectives is to integrate Lithuanian transport infrastructure into the Trans-European Networks (TEN) which were approved at the Second Pan-European Transport Conference in Crete. Two out of the nine multi-modal transport corridors that cross Lithuanian territory were approved as being of major importance: International Corridor No. 1 in a north-south direction (the Via Baltica motorway and the Tallinn-Riga-Kaunas-Warsaw railway) and Corridor No. 9 in an east-west direction consisting of 9B (Kiev-Minsk-Vilnius-Kaunas-Klaipeda) and 9D (Kaunas-Kaliningrad). Lithuania is actively implementing the infrastructure development guidelines. The government accords investment priorities to the reconstruction and modernization of these projects. The financial viability of investment projects creates favourable conditions for co-operation with IFI programmes (EIB, EBRD, WB) and the EU's PHARE programme.
Klaipeda State Seaport is one of the ice-free ports on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, and is able to receive ships up to 200 m in length and with a draught of 10.5 m.
Every year about 7000 ships enter the port from over 45 countries, and the port handles up to 21 million tons of cargo, including metal, oil products, grain, foodstuffs, cement, timber, fertilizers, consumer goods in containers, trailers, railway wagons, etc.
From Klaipeda Seaport there are regular ferry, Ro-Ro and cargo services to Germany, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Russia, Poland, Great Britain and other countries. The infrastructure of the port is being modernized and expanded. The main projects are as follows: construction of container and bulk-cargo terminals, reconstruction of the facilities for oil products, ferries and Ro-Ro traffic, improvement of the port entrance infrastructure, dredging of the water territory of the port to a depth of 14 m, reconstruction of the quay walls and development of the portšs railways. The implementation period of the projects is 1996-2005 and the total cost estimate is USD 200 million. Both state and private stevedoring companies operate in the port (Klaipeda Stevedoring Company KLASCO, Corsortium Klaipeda Terminal, etc.). Efficient cargo handling, warehousing facilities and quality road and railway access to the hinterland ensure reliable transport links between West and East.
In the years of its operation as an independent entity, the Lithuanian Shipping Company LISCO has undertaken a new and promising line of activity transporting passengers, cars and trailers. It owns over 40 vessels with capacities between 2000 and 14,000 tons, and operates the ferry lines Klaipeda-Kiel, Klaipeda-Mukran and Klaipeda-Åhus.
Road Transport The years 1995-96 saw successful completion of the privatization of road transport, which now operates under market conditions. In 1996, Lithuanian carriers made 247,200 international freight transport trips to 28 countries in Europe and Asia.
Lithuaniašs state road system covers 21,000 km, and the high-quality roads provide favourable conditions for international traffic. Substantial sums are allocated for road construction and maintenance. The implementation of the huge investment project Via Baltica has begun, and the feasibility study estimates that by the year 2000, traffic flows will rise to 4000-8000 vehicles per day, and that this figure will rise to 9000-38,000 vehicles per day by the year 2005. This route connects Finland and the Baltic countries with the road networks of Central and Southern Europe.
Transport Policy and Investment Department
Klaipeda Seaport is an ice-free Baltic port able to receive ships up to 200 m in length with a draught of 10.5 m.
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